A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server owned or leased for use by clients, as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center.
Every website needs to be hosted somewhere, where all the information/Web Pages are hosted/Stored. A domain links this back-end from front end access. When a user opens any website, the domain name map it with the hosted files and shows the content.
Hosting servers are the computers running 24/7/360 and never stops. Servers are configured with STATIC IP. This is because, if by any reason, a server gets restarted/Rebooted, The Back-End IP do not changes and the domain never gets down. All the hosted files (Pages of a website) are placed in it and it runs with specific Operating System called “Server OS”. There are mainly two types of Server OS that are being used these days:
If you’re new to the world of creating websites, you might find yourself asking yourself “What Is Web Hosting?”. Maybe you have some idea about what hosting is but you’re not too sure. Fortunately (for me!), the question “What is web hosting” is a relatively easy one to explain (I think!).
Web hosting refers to a service that makes your website available to your users. In general, most websites are intended to be viewed by anyone on the Internet, at any time. If you want anyone on the Internet to be able to view your website at any time, you need to make sure your website is running on a computer which is connected to the Internet 24 hours per day, 7 days per week (24/7).
To do this you have two options.
Option 1: Hosting the Website Yourself
Hosting the website yourself means that you will need to have the right equipment, including a web server and a permanent connection to the Internet. You would need to ensure that your Internet service provider (ISP) allows this type of usage too. You would also need to have website administration skills such as managing/configuring a web server, patch management, firewalls, virus protection etc
Most people don’t do their own website hosting. Even if they have the skills or equipment, it often makes more sense to hand this task to a third party who can monitor the website 24/7.
Option 2: Find a Hosting Provider to Host your Website
This is the most common choice for web hosting. Using a third party hosting provider allows you to concentrate on developing your website (or whatever else it is you may do), and leave the hosting tasks up to a company who (presumably) specializes in web hosting.
A good web hosting company will provide at least the following services:
- 24/7 support
- 24/7 FTP access (so you can update your website)
- A number of email accounts (i.e. yourName@yourDomain.com)
- Online control panel for managing your website
- Online traffic statistics (so you can see how much traffic your website receives)
- A robust database management system, such as MySQL or MS SQL. This is so you can add your own database if required
A domain name, or domain, is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority, or control on the Internet. Domain names are formed by the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System (DNS). Technically, any name registered in the DNS is a domain name.
Domain names are used to identify one or more IP addresses. For example, the domain name microsoft.com represents about a dozen IP addresses. Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular Web pages. For example, in the URL http://www.americanlayout.com/, the domain name is pcwebopedia.com.
Every domain name has a suffix that indicates which top level domain (TLD) it belongs to. There are only a limited number of such domains. For example:
Resale of domain names:
The business of resale of registered domain names is known as the domain aftermarket. Various factors influence the perceived value or market value of a domain name.
Most of the million dollar domain deals are carried out privately and go unreported. As of 2011, the most expensive domain name sales on record were:
- Insure.com $16 million in 2009
- Sex.com for $14 million in October 2010
- Fund.com 2008 £9.99 million
- Porn.com 2007 $9.5 million
- Fb.com for $8.5 million in November 2010
- Investing.com for $2.5 million in December 2012
- URL: http://www.example.net/index.html
- Top-level domain name: net
- Second-level domain name: example.net
- Host name: www.example.net
Choosing a Domain Name
Choosing a domain name is a major step for any individual or organization. New domain name extensions and creative thinking still offer thousands of excellent domain names. When choosing a name, it is important to consider the purpose of a domain name, which is to provide an easy way to reach your web site.
The best domains have the following characteristics:
Short - People don’t like to type! A short domain name is easier to type, read, and remember.
Meaningful - A short domain is nothing without meaning, 34i4nh.com is not easy to enter or to remember. Select a domain that relates to your site in a way that people will understand.
Clear - Clarity is important when selecting a domain name. Avoid a name that is difficult to spell or pronounce.
Exposure - Names that are short and easy to remember are an asset. In addition to visitors, also consider search engines. Search engines index your site and rank it for relevance against terms people search for. In order to maximize your sites exposure, consider including a relevant search term in your domain. Of course, only consider this if it still maintains a short, clear and meaningful domain name.